Geography of Gandhinagar
Gandhinagar is sited at 23.22 degrees north and 72.68 degrees east. The average elevation of Gandhinagar is 81 meters that is 266 feet. The city lies on the western banks of River Sabarmati and it is the north-east-central part of Gujarat. Gandhinagar is spread over an area of 205 square kilometers. River Sabarmati dries up in summers when only a very narrow flow of water is seen in place of the river. Gandhinagar is also known as the 'Tree Capital of India' because of greenery all around.
Climate of GandhinagarGandhinagar enjoys main seasons - winter, monsoon and summer. The weather stays hot and dry and this is indicated by state of the River Sabarmati that dries up during the summer months. This eventually leads to a situation of very low levels of water throughout the city.
The months from March to June are very hot and the maximum temperature during these months ranges between 360 centigrade and 420 centigrade, whereas the minimum temperature is between 190 centigrade and 270 centigrade. During the months from December to February, the weather is warm and the average maximum temperature is 290 centigrade and the minimum temperature remains around 140 centigrade. The climate is extremely dry during these months. During the months from mid-June to mid-September, weather becomes very humid due to south west monsoons. The average yearly rainfall that is measured in the city is around 803.4mm.
Topography of GandhinagarGandhinagar is spread over an area of 205 square kilometers covering the districts of Mehsana, Patan, Gandhinagar, Sabarkantha and Banaskantha. There is wide variation in Gandhinagar as far as its topography is concerned. Most of Gandhinagar land is arid and dry in nature depending upon climatic conditions in the city. Gandhinagar has wetlands that are present in the form of mudflats, lakes, creeks, salt marshes, swamps, estuaries and reservoirs.
Mountain: Pavagadh is the closest mountain to the city while the other mountains that are lie very close to Gandhinagar are Mount Abu, Salher, Girnar Peak and Wilson Hills.
Rivers: The main rivers of the city are Sabarmati River, Vatrak River, Meshvo River and Khari River.
Desert: The main deserts of Gandhinagar are Thar, Kutch and Hissar.
Lakes: Gandhinagar Lake at Sector 1
Adalaj Lake, Gandhinagar District